Glossary of Ingredients

Achillea Millefolium

A North American plant that has been known and used by the aboriginals for thousands of years, to heal wounds, ulcers and injuries. Well-known as a wounds healer, it has anti-inflammatory, anti-septic, anti-rheumatic, haemostatic, astringent and healing properties. Achillea extract is used to soothe irritated scalp and reddish skin, to clean dandruff and to feed the dermal papilla.

Aloe Vera

Originally from various hot regions of the globe Aloe is cultivated as a houseplant. Its leaves contain a clear, very efficient gel to heal injuries and wounds. As first aid, aloe is an excellent domestic remedy to heal burns, abrasions and sunburn. Aloe gel, applied directly on the involved area, is soothing. It also has an astringent, emollient and healing effect. This product treats all types of skins.

Algae

"First manifestation of life on earth". Marine algae are rich in vitamins, minerals, amino acids, enzymes, chlorophyll, and in antibiotics substances. Marine algae, "concentrated with sea water", reinforce the immune sysytem, stimulate circulation and help reduce weight. They also protect from effects of heavy meals and prevent. Indication: cellulite, heavy legs; skin affections: acne, psoriasis and dry eczema.

Almond (Prunus Amygdalus)

Sweet almond oil is used to soften the skin; it softens and tones dry skins, calms itching, accelerates recovery from dermatosis and superficial burns. Bitter almond oil is used in some of our products, and has the reputation of helping freckles to disappear and to insure strict hygiene of armpit and feet. It is appreciated for its softening and hydrating properties in case of skin inflammation.

Alopecia

General or partial hair loss.

Amino Acid

A composite product, associating an acid and an amino function. Amino acids are the major components of proteins. They have reconditioning and healing properties for hair and skin.

Analgesic

A pain soothing.

Angelica (Angelica Archangelica)

In Asia, the reputation of this plant is only surpassed, and barely, by ginseng. Also named 'Feminine ginseng', angelica contains phyto-estrogen. It is rich in vitamins and mineral including vitamins A, B12, folic acid and E. The seeds from this plant are used as peeling in our soaps.

Anise (Pimpinella Anisum)

The seeds of this plant are used for their stimulating, astringent and antispasmodic properties. Extract of anise seeds also favours difficult blood circulation. Anise essential oil is antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic. Anise is used in toothpaste to cleanse breath.

Antifungal

Resists the development of mushrooms.

Anti-inflammatory

Prevents or reduces inflammations.

Antioxidant

Prevents and retards then oxidation and the rancidity of products.

Antiradical

An active agent used to stop oxidation of skin structures (DNA, for premature ageing of the skin, and even apparition of cancer cells.

Antiseptic

Destroys micro organisms and prevents their development.

Aphrodisiac

Raises sexual desire.

Apple cider vinegar (Pyrus Malus)

Very rich in many nutritive elements, cider vinegar helps keep a sweet, young and healthy skin. It eliminates dandruff and makes the hair silky and brilliant.

Arnica (Arnica Montana)

Known in the form of ointments and compresses to soothe contusions, sprains and muscular pains. It also stimulates blood circulation. As an anti-inflammatory, it accelerates resorption of haematomas. Avoid applying arnica on wounds and near the eyes or mouth. Externally, arnica extract is also used for sunburn, superficial burns and diaper rash.

Aromatherapy

The term 'aromatherapy' was first used in the 1920s by a French chemist, R.M Gattefosse. It means 'perfumed remedy'. Today, aromatherapy is defined as a treatment where plant essential oils are used to restore or improve health and beauty. These influences are felt in medicine, psychology and cosmetology. Research has proven that aromas affect our emotions. This is because olfactory nerves go directly from the nose to the rhinencephalon via the emotional centre of the brain. It is always important to appreciate the odour of the essential oil we use, because it will help our emotional equilibrium. Essential oils are much appreciated for their delicate aromas and for their deep effect on the skin. Virtually all types of skins may take advantage from the benefits of essential oils.

Astringent

A substance, which tightens tissues and reduces secretions.

Avocado (Persea Gratissima)

Avocado oil has many uses. Very complete in vitamins A, B, C, D, E, H, K, PP, it acts against ageing. It tones, softens and restructures the epidermis, and stimulates the scalp. As a protector, it repairs dry and very dry skins. Skin tolerance to avocado oil is very high; it does not irritate and may even be applied near the eyes. It helps to improve the softness, brightness, vitality and suppleness of the skin and hair after only a few days of use. This oil soothes the dryness sensation caused by certain types of skin affections (eczema).

Babassuamidopropalkonium Chloride

One of the softest quaternary ammonium salts, originating from fatty acids derived from the oil on a Brazilian Amazonian palm trees - the babassu (Orbignya oleifera). This raw material of natural origins has antistatic and conditioning properties for hair.

Bactericide

Destroys bacteria.

Bacteriostatic

Suspends growth and development of bacteria.

Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea)

A resinous tree with evergreen needle shaped leaves, originally from the North America. Amerindians and colonists treated several diseases with balsam fir resin. Its essential oil (containing oleoresins) is obtained by distillation of its needles. It is used for its antiseptic, tonic and stimulating qualities. Used for chest frictions, balsam fir treats respiratory infections.

Bees Wax

A substance secreted by the wax glands of worker bees, to make the combs in their hives. Bee's wax is known for its film forming, moisturizing and protecting qualities, as well as cleansing properties for the skin and scalp.

Behentrimonium Methosulphate

The softest available disentangling conditioner. Derived from canola seed oil, in combination with the very soft methosulphate group (instead of chlorine; more economical and less irritating).

Bentonite (Bentonite)

When a volcano explodes, a vapour or fine mist is often liberated, containing a substance known as volcanic ash. Bentonite is volcanic ash. It is a natural powder used to absorb skin impurities.

Bitter Orange (Citrus Aurantium Amara)

This essential oil originates from distillation of sour orange tree leaves. It has tonic, deodorant and antiseptic properties.

Burdock (Arcticum Lappa)

Considered as a purifying plant. The root of this plant treats skin problems, especially in cases where an accumulation of toxins is a factor of the development of sickness such as acne, abscess, eczema and psoriasis. For hair care, burdock extract is used to slow down hair loss.

Camomile (Chamaemelum Nobile)

An odorant plant, which is sweetening, antiseptic, moisturizing, anti-inflammatory and healing. It also has relaxing and deodorant properties. Camomile infusion is used for face and hair care. It is a good remedy against hair loss and gives blond hair new lustre. Camomile essential oil is recommended for sensitive skin. It is one of the main essential oils well tolerated by children. Diffusing in the atmosphere, camomile essential oil reduces allergies and favours harmony; it also reduces irritability and favours sleep for children.

Camphor (Cinnamomum Camphora)

Camphor essential oil is a general tonic, antiseptic and anti- inflammatory, analgesic, heating, bactericide, antiviral and activates blood circulation. It also has a decongestant action on the respiratory tract and enters in the composition of balms for chest massage or aching muscles.

Candelilla Wax (Euphorbia Cerifera)

A vegetable wax collected on the surface of the candelilla bush leaves. These bushes mainly develop in the Coahila and Chihuahuan deserts along the border of the United States and Mexico. In cosmetic formulations, its role is to bring sufficient hardness to sticks or to thicken the fatty part of emulsions.

Caprylic/Capric Triglycerides

Derived from palm or coconut oil, used only as an emulsifier and emollient.

Caramel

The word 'Caramel' is originally a Spanish word, from the Latin cannamella, 'Sugar cane'. It dates from the first uses of sugar cane in confectionery. Caramel is a product exclusively obtained from the heating of saccharine or other hydro soluble sugars; it is used in our products as a natural coloring agent.

Carnauba Wax (Copernica Cerifera)

Produced from the leaves of a Brazilian palm tree, slowing down water evaporation contained in the plant and avoids dehydration. Carnauba wax is used as a consistence agent for lip balm, massage oils and creams.

Carrot (Daucus Carota)

One of the most precious vegetables for man, the carrot is rich especially in vitamin A. Also rich in folic acid, carotene, vitamin C and pectin. It contains many mineral salts: iron,calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, manganese. It rejuvenates tissues and skin. Carrot oil has sweetening, anti-ageing and purifying properties. It is used for body and face care, because it rejuvenates the skin and has the reputation of reducing stains and wrinkles appearing with age.

Castor Oil (Ricinus Communis)

This oil, obtained after cold pressing of seeds, is rich in ricinoleic acid from glycerides. Castor oil is used in several cosmetic products because of its softening, protecting, nourishing, emollient and regenerating cosmetic epidermis and phanera (capillary tonic). Very rich in natural vitamin E, it is an excellent ally to combat the skin ageing.

Cedar (Thuya Occidentalis)

Originally from the northeastern part of the North America, cedar grows on wet and swampy land and close to rivers. Several aboriginal tribes used cedar to cure fever, headaches, cough or rheumatismal aches. Its essential oil, produced from leaf distillation, is used as an anti-inflammatory, analgesic and relaxing.

Cellulite

Subcutaneous volumes increase that gives skin a tufted aspect, called 'orange skin' caused by the accumulation of greases in the hypodermis.

Cellulose Gum

Originates from cellulose - the plants' structuring base. Used as emulsifying, gelling, stabilizing and thickening agent in body and hair care products.Originates from cellulose - the plants' structuring base. Used as emulsifying, gelling, stabilizing and thickening agent in body and hair care products.

Cetearyl Alcohol

Based on palm oil, fatty alcohol is used as an emollient, emulsion stabiliser and thickener.

Cetearyl Glucoside

Emulsifying wax, pleasant and non-irritating, obtained from corn sugar and a mixture of fatty alcohols (made from cetylic and stearic alcohol) derived from coconut oil. It is also used as an emulsion emollient, thickener and stabilizer.

Cetrimonium Chloride

A quaternary soft ammonium salt produced from fatty acids derived from palm and coconut oil. This natural origin raw material has antistatic, conditioning, tonic and untangling properties for hair.

Cetyl Alcohol

Fatty alcohol, produced from palm oil and coconut oil. Cetyl alcohol is used as an emulsifying, thickening, conditioning agent and as an emulsion stabilizer. Used in creams. It leaves a silky sensation on the skin.

China Verbena

See under 'Litsea cubeba'.

Chlorophyll

All plants, except mushrooms are capable of using the sun's energy to fabricate their own food. This function, called photosynthesis, is a biological process during which solar energy is used to produce organic composites, carbohydrates and oxygen from carbon dioxide and water. In this process, chlorophyll (the green pigment inside the plant) absorbs light energy to convert it in chemical energy; it is the main assimilating light pigment. It also has cleaning, purifying and deodorant properties. Many authors consider that chlorophyll gives back the solar energy that is has accumulated. DRUIDE chlorophyll is extracted from the purest alfalfa (Medicago sativa).

Chlorophyllin-Copper Complex

See under Chlorophyll.

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum Zeylanicum)

A stimulant for circulatory, cardiac and respiratory functions. It is bactericide, antifungal, astringent and efficient for influenza. Cinnamon essential oil is antiseptic, stimulant and is recognized for its aphrodisiac power. It stimulates circulation, especially in peripheral extremities (fingers and toes) and is used to 'reheat' the organism because it elevates body temperature.

Citric Acid

Found in its natural state in all citrus fruits and many other fruits. This natural edible acid obtained from fermentation is used to adjust the pH of products.

Citronella (Cymbopogon Nardus)

A large perennial wild or cultivated herb, originating from tropical regions. It woes its name to the aromatic perfume, which is close to lemon. The essential oil has bactericides, antiseptic and deodorant properties. Well-knows as an insect or mosquito repulsive, it soothes insect bites when applied locally.

Climbing Ivy (Hedera Helix)

The Ancients attributed antitoxic properties to this vine. Used externally, the leavesÕ extracts have antineuralgic, vasoconstrictor and decongesting properties. Action: oxygenation, tonic, anti-cellular, cleaning and purifying.

Clove (Eugenia Caryophyllata)

Flower bud of the clove tree, with the form of a box nail used as a spice, has antiseptic, anaesthetic and tonic properties. Clove essential oil is stimulating and aphrodisiac. It is very beneficial to soothe toothaches and dental infections.

Cocamidopropyl Betaine

Derived from coconut oil, cocamidopropyl betaine is an amphoteric surface agent. It has not only excellent foaming and cleaning properties, but also causes no irritation during contact with the skin or eyes. It is used in shampoos; shower gels, foaming baths and baby care products.

Coco-Betaine

Pleasant and easily biodegradable, Coco-Betaine is obtained by mixing fatty coconut acids with betaine (derived from sugar beets). It is a cleaning agent, which controls the consistence of products and increases the quantity of foam.

Coco-Glucoside

This natural surface agent, especially pleasant and quickly biodegradable, is obtained by combining glucose with fatty coconut and palm alcohols. It is used to produce thick and creamy foam.

Coconut Oil (Coco Nucifera)

Also called copra oil, it is used in the production of shampoos and soaps. It enters in the composition of our foam bases.

Corporal Milk

Generally a light, very fine emulsion, which does not leave a sensation of fatness on the skin. It is moisturizing and softening for all parts of the body (including the face).

Comfrey (Symphytum Officinalis)

Contains an impressive number of amino acids (18) Ð making it a rich and protein concentrated plant. It also contains numerous vitamins, metals and trace elements, mucopolysaccharines, glycosides, silicium and mucilages giving it sweetening properties. The presence of allantoine, a molecule with simili-hormonal properties, gives comfrey extraordinary properties as a cell-multiplying accelerator. Comfrey extract is used externally for such remineralizing,healing, sweetening, anti-inflammatory and astringent properties.

Cypress (Cypressus Sempervirens)

The Cypress is the symbol of eternity. In China, the cosmic tree stands in the centre of the Universe. Its essential oil is antiseptic, astringent, tonic (for vein circulation) and protecting (of capillaries). It is used in massage for rheumatism, to ease the pain of varicose and as an excellent anti-cellulite. It is used for fatty skin care, tonic lotions after shaving, antiperspiration for feet and armpit.

Dermatite

Skin inflammation.

Dermatose

Generic term of skin affections, it is a deregulation of the epidermis structure caused by the dysfunction of normal biological functions. The reasons for these disorders may be internal (caused by a faulty operation of the organ such as the liver for example) or external in origin (contact with an allergenic element, irritation, etc.).

Desquamation

Elimination of skinÕs dead cells (keratinous layer). When normal, it is superficial and invisible. When pathological, it appears under the form of 'scales' on the skin, and dandruff on the scalp.

Eczema

A cutaneous lesion, characterized by 'deep' red plates, with itches, burns, on which appear blisters with a clear liquid. Eczema is provoked most of the time by various irritating agents (found in cosmetics, medication, perfumes, metals, rubber, etc.).

Emollient

Relaxes and softens tissues.

Emulsifier

A substance, which eases emulsification and contributes to the stability of the resulting emulsion.

Emulsion

Preparation made with a mixture of at least two non mixable liquids. One of the liquids is dispersed in the other in the form of droplets.

Erythema

More or less intense redness of integuments, disappearing under pressure.

Essential Fatty Acid

Essential to the human body, although incapable of synthesizing it. It must be carried into the body through nourishment or cosmetics.

Essential Oils

Essential oils have been used since Antiquity. They are found in various parts of the plant: petal (rose), leaves (eucalyptus), roots (vetiver), wood (sandalwood) and resin (incense). Often called, 'the life force' of plants. These oils have unique complex properties of each plant, in a concentrated form, which may help the body to heal. Using aromatherapy and essential oils, we may improve our emotional and physical health. The efficiency of essential oils is explained by their capacity to penetrate the skin.They have a simple and fine molecular structure, helping them to enter the fluid around the cells under the skin surface. They are capable of stimulating, appeasing, purifying and rebalancing the skin; they may also become transporters when mixed with other ingredients such as plant, vitamin or active extracts.

Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus Globulus)

A large Australian tree, with very fragrant pointed leaves. The eucalyptus is a very efficient general antiseptic to cure colds, influenza, sinusitis and bronchitis. Eucalyptus essential oil is antiseptic, balsamic, stimulating, tonic, healing, deodorant. It lowers or prevents fever.

Exfoliant

Eliminates the skinÕs dead cells with chemical or mechanical action.

Extract

A product obtained from fresh or dry plants, through active principle dissolution with solvents (water, vegetable glycerine, vegetable oils) to a needed concentration.

Facial Lotion

Normally a complement to cleaning and make-up removal products. It finishes cleaning and make-up removal by eliminating excess body fat. Facial lotion has a tonic, softening, emollient or astringent action. Floral waters are used very often in this type of product.

Fair Trade

A form of commercial exchange guaranteeing the producers in 'Developing Countries' fair revenue for their work.

Floral Water

Water containing the active principles of the plant. It is the liquid that results from distillation of the water with flowers, leaves, tans or roots of plants, filtered for sterilization purposes.

Fongicide

Destroys mushrooms.

Fossilized Phytoplancton

See under 'Sodium', 'Shale Oil', 'Sulfonate'

Free Radicals

Very reagent molecules which provoke cellular damages - even cellular death following a chain reaction. They are mainly formed by the effect of ultraviolet photons as well as pollution, tobacco, etc. The molecules, which help combat this oxidative stress, are called 'anti-free radicals'. They are used in cosmetology, especially in combat for anti skin ageing.

Galactoarabinan

This gum is extracted from larch, a variety of softwood. It is used for and thickening properties.

Geranium (Pelargonuim Asperum)

Produces a pleasing essence used extensively in perfumery and cosmetics. Geranium essential oil repels most mosquitoes and has regenerating properties for the skin. It is used for the treatment of eczema, acne, wounds, cuts and burns, for its healing properties. It is also an aphrodisiac since it stimulates sexual instincts.

Ginger (Zingiber Officinale)

A widespread spice and condiment, ginger is also one of the most widely used remedies in the world. It has anti-inflammatory, stimulating, aphrodisiac and tonic properties.

Ginkgo Biloba

One of the oldest trees on earth, originating in the Far East. Ginkgo extract improves vein wall tonus; activated return circulation, has a favourable effect on skin dilatation, Ïdemas, inflammatory and painful statUS. It is also an anti-oxidant, which contributes to the protection of arterial walls and is perfectly adapted to older persons. It also improves tissue oxygenation.

Ginseng (Panax Ginseng)

Originally from China and Korea, its name means 'life plant' and 'heals all'. Ginseng has been cultivated and used in the Orient for more than 2,000 years. Its legendary reputation as an aphrodisiac has left its fortifying role for the body unknown but this plant improves vitality, gives strength to the whole body. Ginseng extract generates sensations of well-being, and is recognized for its invigorating action, helping blood circulation. Tonic and stimulating, it is a powerful tissue restorative and reinforces the cardiovascular system.

Glyceryl Laurate

Emulsifier/natural emollient based on glycerine and laurel acid (a fatty acid presents in coconut oil and palm and corn oil).

Glyceryl Oleate

Emulsifier/natural emollient based on glycerine and oleic acid (a fatty acid presents in olive, peanut, coconut, sunflower, palm oil, and also in brown rice).

Glyceryl Stearate

Emulsifier/natural emollient based on glycerine and stearic acid (a fatty acid presents in palm, corn oil or in hydrogenated soybean oil).

GMO (Genetically Modified Organism)

A living organism artificially created by man by manipu- lating its genetic identity. Recent techniques have allowed collecting more than one gene from any living organism (virus, bacteria, vegetable, and animal) to insert in the genetic patrimony of another organism. Transgenesis allows avoidance of the barrier between species, constructs many living organisms unknown until now by nature and man and which are disseminated in our environment. Transgenesis especially allows using genes from very different species or even from different kingdoms (animal, vegetable) to gibe new characters to the plant. Among the resulting problems, speed may be named (humans produce in a few years what took several centuries for nature) and inter species blending (elephant genes may never be found in a petunia!).

Goat Milk

Since the Antiquity (remember Cleopatra), goatÕs milk has been recognized for its natural moisturizing and sweetening qualities. GoatÕs milk is made up of water, lactose, fatty acids, mineral salts, vitamins and oligo elements. It efficiently soothes sensitive, allergic and dermatosic skins, for acne, psoriasis or eczema. GoatÕs milk based products used regularly are very pleasant and give the skin the necessary hydration and a youthful look.

Grapefruit Extract (Citrus Paradisii)

A 100% natural preservative; it is obtained by crushing the seeds and parts of the grapefruitÕs membranes. Grapefruit seed extract is efficient in eliminating not only viruses and bacteria, but also mushrooms and parasites. In comparison, the efficiency of conventional antibiotic is limited to bacteria. Research has shown that grapefruit seed extract has a successful influence against about 800 types of bacteria and viruses, 100 kinds of mushrooms and a large number of parasites.

Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis)

A bush, cultivated in India and China, has been knows from time immemorial. Green tea leaves extract is recognized for its antioxidant, astringent and tonic properties.

Guar (Cyamopsis Tetragonolobus)

A gum extracted from the seeds and an Indian plant with an identical name. Used as a thickener, foam stabilizer and sweetening agent in shampoos. Non toxic, non irritating.

Hamamelis (Hamamelis Virginiana)

North American shrub was a traditional remedy with Amerindians who used it as a decoction to treat tumours and inflammations. During the eighteenth century, settlers appreciated hamamelis for its astringent properties and it was used throughout Europe. Hamamelis extract increases resistance to inflammations and favours healing the cutaneous lesions. It is used in the treatment of varicose and haemorrhoids, because of its vasoconstrictor and astringent properties.

Henna (Lawsonia Inermis)

Used for capillary care as a reinforcer of hair and scalp. Non-colorant when used in weak concentration in a shampoo, henna extract gives subtle iridescence and suppleness,gleam and volume to the hair. It is also an anti seborrheic remedy, which regenerates hair and reinforces its roots.

Hibiscus (Hibiscus Sabdariffa)

Hibiscus flower extract has emollient, sweetening and tonic properties for the skin and hair. From the seeds of this plant a protein rich in amino acids and vitamins extracted, with sweetening and protecting properties for baby care products.

Honey

Honey is one of the oldest foods and remedies used by man for its antiseptic, nutritive, antibacterial, antiviral, healing and immune defensive properties. It is also used for its epidermis cell regenerating properties, because it increases skin tonicity and carries nutritive and hydrating elements.

Honeysuckle

Originating in Europe, but grown in all over the world, honeysuckle is a climbing bush. In the middle of summer, it has perfumed flowers, then yellow to red fruit. Often used for the sublime perfume it emits. Its extract is recognized for its astringent, regenerating, tonic and sweetening properties.

Horsetail (Equisetum Arvense)

This strange plant without flowers or seeds is the richest in the silicium necessary to the calcium metabolism and the formation of collagen. It plays an important role in skin, hair and nail health. Horsetail extract is recognized for its restructuring, remineralizing and antidegenerative properties.

Humectant

Highly watery substance, which maintains the rate of humidity in the superficial layers of the skin.

Hydrogenated Castor Oil

A vegetable oil thickened by hydrogenation. It increases the oilÕs stability and preserves the emollient protection.

Hydroxypropyl Guar

See "Guar".

Hypo Allergic

Reduces the risks of allergy.

Inflammation

A general phenomenon, which produces an irritation from a pathogenic It has four symptoms: Redness, heat, Ïdema and pain.

Jojoba Oil

It is a liquid wax, a natural skin moisturizer and a means of protection against sunrays, a very good purifying agent and a conditioner for the scalp.

Juniper (Juniperus Communis)

Juniper comes from the Celtic word "juneprus", meaning "acrid", because of the taste of the fruit. The main indications of juniper essential oil are equilibrium of the nervous system and combat against obesity and cellulite. Juniper is an excellent antiseptic. It also possesses depurative, sudorific, parasitic and healing properties. This essential oil has detoxifying properties helping to eliminate body toxins, which sometimes cause rheumatism and arthritis.

Keratin

A very rich protein in cystine (a variety of amino acid) and is very common in humans as well as in animals. It has numerous qualities including resistance. Dead tissues with protective properties contain keratin: hair, keratinous layer (the outer epidermis made up of dead cells), nails, horns, claws,feathers, wool.

Keratinisation

A transformation of the superficial layers of the skin (epidermis), which is progressively enriched with keratin.

Lavandin (Lavandula Hybrida Super)

A variety of lavender, lavandin essential oil is antiseptic, bactericide, anti-inflammatory, calming, relaxing and sedative.

Lavender (Lavandula Angustifolia)

Originally from Mediterranean regions, lavender is recognized for its delicate perfume and its therapeutic virtues. Lavender essential oil has great beneficent qualities.It is calming, healing, resists insomnia and headaches. An antiseptic, it treats wounds, burns, insect bites and razor cuts. Lavender is not aggressive, but is pleasant and generoUS. That is why it is appreciated in baby products.

Lemon (Citrus Limonum)

Lemon is a major natural remedy; it is depurative and refreshing, antiseptic, astringent, and antioxidant, tonic and healing. Lemon extract is used for hair and skin care, as well as oral hygiene. Its action on the wall of blood vessels helps prevent circulatory troubles and gingival bleeding. Lemon essential oil has all the properties of lemon, except vitamin C: Tonic, antiseptic, healing,

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon Flexuosus)

Mostly used in perfumes, this plant has a lemony aroma with a sugary and exotic dash. Lemongrass essential oil indices intense vasodilatation; it is anti infectious and anti-inflammatory. Lemon-grass essential oil tonifies, refreshes and purifies the skin. It also has fungous and deodorant properties.

Lemon Grass Terpenes

A concentrate extracted from lemon grass to bring long-term protection against insects.

Lemony Myrtle (Backhousia Citriodora)

This essential oil, originally from Australia, has antiseptic, antimicrobial and bactericides properties comparable to those of the Tea tree but with a lemony floral odour.

Linden (Tilia Cordata)

A very popular tree in Europe, it grows well in moderate climates. This tree can grow to 40 meters. During flowering, it perfumes its whole environment. Linden flower extract is sweetening, emollient and hydrating. It also clears complexion. It is used in normal and dry skin products and capillary products.

Litsea Cubeba

It is sometimes called 'May Chang', 'Chinese pepper' or 'Chinese verbena'. Its essential oil has antibiotic, antiseptic, astringent, emollient, insecticide and deodorant properties. It is an excellent tonic for the skin and hair.

Maceration

Liquid preparation requiring more or less lengthy soaking of certain substances in water,vegetable glycerine or oil.

Mandarin (Citrus reticulata)

Mandarin essential oil is obtained by distillation of the fruit bark. It is a relaxing and sweet oil often used on sensitive skins. Mandarin essential oil has antiseptic, antifungal and regenerative properties for the skin.

Marigold or Calendula (Calendula Officinalis)

Marigold flowers have been appreciated since antiquity for their various curative virtues, especially for their astringent, antiseptic and healing properties. The marigold flower extract is efficient in case of skin inflammation and irritation. This extract has moisturizing and calming properties during treatment of dry skins; it helps the skin become supple and elastic again. Marigold heals babyÕs diaper rash and is also efficient for acne, athleteÕs foot and skin rash.

Moisturizer

A product used to renew the water content of the epidermis.

Organic

An organicproduct, originates from the practice of organic agriculture, which respects the soil, the environment, animal and human, with the objective to get products free of pollutants. The plants are cultivated in the absence of chemical fertilizers, insecticides or pesticides; natural alternatives are used. However, organic and natural are two different descriptions. For example, a product cultivated in a garden in a very respectful way still cannot be considered as organic since the term organic qualifies a product conforming to specifications and controlled by an official organisation, regarding the industry sector such as agricultural, alimentary or cosmetic.

Nettle (Urtica Dio•ca)

Dreaded for their stings, nettles have also been long appreciated for its medicinal properties. With its high content in minerals, proteins and amino acids, nettles extract is sued in hair care. It is also antiseptic, strengthening, nutritive, astringent, revitalizing and tonic.

Nutritive

Supplies a great quantity of nutrients to feed the body and reconstitute cells.

Olive Oil (Olea Europea)

Olive oil is composed of about 75% of oleic acid, a fatty mono unsaturated acid. Very nourishing, it acts as a protector on sensitive and dehydrated skins.

Palmarosa (Cymbopogon Martinii)

The major essential oil for skin care. Stimulating, hydrating, microbicide and antifungal for tissues, palmarose essential oil enters in skin and hair care.

Palm Oil (Elaeis Guineensis)

Palm oil has regenerating properties because of its content in unsaponifiable matter (about 1 %). It is restructuring and reinforces the cutaneous protection of the skin. Rich fatty acids (palmitic, oleic, linoleic and stearic), this vegetable oil enters in the fabrication of our soaps.

Panthenol

n the vitamin B group, the most 'cosmetic' element is panthenol (or provitamin B5). Its affinities with hair keratine makes it the most popular ingredient in hair products. On the hair (or nails), this provitamin penetrates the core of the hair follicle and is transformed in vitamin prevents their depigmentation, makes the capillary stem shine, makes them keep their water content and protects them against aggression. Panthenol also penetrates deeper inside injured hair. Its benefits are cumulative: the more you use it, the better are the results!

Papule

Elementary lesion of the skin characterized by a solid pimple, pink or red in color.

Patchouly (Pogostemon Cablin)

Patchouly essential oil, extracted from the leaves, has a perfumed and heady odour. For many, this perfume evokes the sensual egotism of India and Oriental magic. This essential oil has anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, anti-acne, tonic and aphrodisiac virtues.

Peppermint (Mentha Piperita)

The extract possesses a very strong antibacterial power. It is stimulating, sudorific and eases the skin itching. The essential oil is a good tonic for nervousness and refreshing and anaesthetic for the skin, a powerful expectorant constitutes a general antiseptic. It fights efficiently against a bad breath. In Aromatherapy, Peppermint essential oil helps clarify the mind.

pH

The pH is a measure of the acidity or de alkalinity of a solution. It means 'hydrogen potential'. The pH of acid solutions is lower then 7 and the pH of alkaline (or basic) solutions is higher than 7.Whenever a substance has a pH of 7, it is neutral, neither alkaline nor acid. 7 is the pH of pure water.Healthy skin is slightly acidic (5.5 pH). Various body acidic substances, such as sweat, sebum and burr cells, do not explain its acidity. It is the method used to adjust the pH of our products at about 5.5.

Phytotherapy

A treatment of disease with plants (or plant extracts). From the Greek: phyton = plant,therapeuein = to heal.

Pine (Pinus Sylvestris)

Pine essential oil is mostly used for the higher airway affections. It clears the sinuses and eases evacuation of bronchial secretions. Pine essential oil is stimulating and revitalizes the organism, soothes muscular and articular pains; it is also very beneficial for nervous or physical fatigue.

Psoriasis

A skin affection characterized by well-delimitated red plates, covered with dry, white, brilliant and pearly scales. The plates are usually located on the elbows, knees, scalp and the lumbar-sacral area.

Purified Water (Aqua, Water)

Purified water (obtained at DRUIDE by reverse osmosis) is used as a solvent and moisturizer.

Pustule

Skin lesion, which lifts the epidermis and contains a purulent liquid.

Pyridoxin

See under 'Vitamin B6'

Regenerating (Cream)

The skin regenerates faster with the utilization of regenerating cream. The cells regenerate and skin appears more beautiful and radiant in the morning because the old cells disappear faster.

Repairing (Cream)

Restores the hydrolipidic film, which has been seriously attacked during the day by the pollution, UV, cold or heat. It calms, softens, repairs and heals the skin, and brings comfort.

Ridules

Small wrinkles, the first ones to appear.

Rose (Rosa Dasmascena)

The queen of flowers has always seduced humans. It is a fascinating flower, directly connected to our hearts, to love to chivalrous sentiments. Rose essential oil is antiseptic, tonic and aphrodisiac. Extensively used for skin care for its tissue healing and regenerative properties.

Rosemary (Osmarinus Officinalis)

Aromatic plant originally from Mediterranean regions. Rosemary extract has powerful properties. It is used in the conservation of our products. Essential rosemary oil increases blood circulation in the skin capillaries and scalp. An excellent tonic and stimulant, it also prevents rheumatism and arthritis.

Royal Jelly

This substance, from bee hives, is secreted by young bees and is a mixture of refined honey and pollen. It is the only food of the queen bee. Royal jelly contains a high concentration of all group B vitamins; this product also contains minerals, enzymes, from 18 to 22 amino acids (including all essential amino acids, making it a complete protein), anti-bacterial substances as well as vitamins A, C, D and E. Its benefits are numerous: tonic, rebalancing and revitalizing. It fortifies the immune system and slows down the effects of ageing on the skin

Saponification

A chemical reaction, which permits the soap manufacturing. During the manufacturing of DRUIDE¨ soaps, the company uses the traditional cold saponification process which permits the vegetable oils to keep all their emollient, softening and nutritive properties.

Shea Butter (Butyrospermum Parkii)

A natural lipid obtained from the fruit of the shea tree, this greenish butter has appeasing and protective qualities and even a solar screen effect. Shea butter is a product characterized by a high content in unsaponifiable product with an excellent cutaneous compatibility. Its sweetening and nutritive properties make it a very efficient product for dry, sensitive and wrinkled skins as well as for injured hair.

Shower Gel

More or less gelified solution of surface actives. Used in the hand or in a glove, it develops unctuous foam at the surface of the skin.

Sodium Hydroxyde

Natural alkaline (obtained from salt electrolysis) used in the saponification process and to adjust the pH of certain products.

Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate

Le Sodium lauroyl sarcosinate is derived from coconut oil, amino acids and sarcosine. It is a surface-active agent very sweet for the skin and scalp. It also has the capacity to produce very rich foam. Even in the presence of oil.

Sodium Shale Oil Sulfonate

Extracted from fossilized phytoplankton, this active ingredient has anti scaling, antifungal, sebo regulating and appeasing properties for the scalp. It is also used to clean dandruff.

Solidago (Solidago Canadensis)

This plant, originally from Canada is recognized for its anti-inflammatory, stimulating, sudorific, tonic properties and for its reputation as a wound healer. Rich in type P flavonoid vitamins, solidago is also useful in the treatment of varicose. Solidago extract is an excellent cellular restorative.

Solution

A mixture that may result from the dissolution of a solid within a liquid, or the mixture of more than two of totally miscible liquids.

Sorbitol

A polyhydric alcohol produced by hydrogenation of various sugars. It is found in its natural state in several vegetable species. In cosmetics, it is used as a moisturizer in skin and hair care, or as a sweetener in toothpaste.

Soybean (Soja Hispida)

Originally from China, soybean is a plant with a fruit shaped like a pod. Mainly used for its anti ageing properties, soybean is also used in cosmetics for its strengthening, restructuring, hydrating and tonic action. Soybean also benefits from film forming properties, is sweetening and is an excellent cutaneous conditioner.

Spearmint (Mentha Cordiaca)

Oxygenic, tonic, stimulating, anti-inflammatory, healing, invigorating and antiseptic action.

Stimulant

Raises energy and increases organism activities.

Sunflower Oil (Helianthus Annuus)

Sunflower polyunsaturated oil is rich in linoleic and linolenic acid. Its richness in essential fatty acids has a beneficent, sweetening and nutritive action on the skin.

Suspension

Results from dispersion of fine solid particles in a liquid.

Sweet Lime (Citrus Aurantifolia)

The essential oil extracted from the fresh zest of the fruit has astringent, antioxidant and refreshing properties.

Sweet Orange (Citrus Aurantium)

Orange essential oil is obtained by the mechanical extraction of the liquid from the fresh orange zest. This oil has sedative properties, soothing pain, anxiety and insomnia. It is used as a revitalizing agent for the skin, as a treatment for face care. Orange tree essential oil is recognized for its bactericide, antidepressant and calming properties.

Synergy

Strengthens the activities of two substances by their association; the total effect is stronger than the sum of the two isolated effects.

Tea Tree (Melaleuca Alternifolia)

The Tea tree, and especially its essential oil, is one of the most important natural antiseptic. It is a natural remedy inherited from Australian aboriginals. It is used in America and Europe for its antiseptic, antibacterial and fungal properties. The Tea tree is efficient for skin diseases, such as athleteÕs foot, warts and acne. It heals infected burns and insect bites. Teas treeÕs essential oil is a blood circulation stimulant, acting on capillary circulation, haemorrhoids and varicose. It is highly appreciated in anti cellulite treatments.

Tensioactive (Surface Active Agent)

A substance with a double polarity: hydrophile Ðlipophile .It has emulsifying, detergent, wetting, dispersing and foaming.

Thyme (Thymus Vulgaris)

Originally from the West Mediterranean basin, thyme has a very powerful and recognized antiseptic action because of the two substances it contains: thymol and carvacrol. Thyme extract fortifies the immunological system; it is also anti-inflammatory, stimulating, tonic and healing. It activates blood circulation in the skin and scalp capillaries. Thyme essential oil is antiseptic,bactericide, antivenomous, antifungal and healing. It is very useful for external application in case of dermatosis, boils, mushrooms or wounds. All those qualities also make it very efficient against articular and muscular reumatism, gout and arthritis.

Tocopherol

See 'Vitamin E'.

Triglycerides

A form of greases stocking by the association of a glycerine molecule with three fatty acids.

Vegetable Glycerine

Glycerine is a polyol. Because of its hygroscopic power, it procures surface hydration, impregnation of the keratinous layer by immediate hydration.

Vegetable Lecithin

Extracted from non-GMO soybeans, lecithin is used as an emulsifying, moisturizing and antioxidant. It is a vital element of all living cells and plays a primary role in cellular metabolism and controls membrane permeability.

Vegetable Squalane (Phytosqualane)

A natural emollient extracted from olive oil, which prevents dehydration and restores skin suppleness and flexibility.

Vitamin A or Retinol

A vitamin, which regenerates skin cells. It is indispensable for cellular renewal and plays a role in the keratinisation of the epidermis.

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

Extracted from wheat yeast or germ, it gives a youthful appearance to the epidermis.

Vitamin E or Tocopherol

An anti radical action. Protection against free radicals. An antioxidant.

Vitamin F

A nutritive agent, related to the mechanism operations of the cell. Vitamin F helps reinforce tissues.

Vitamins

Indispensable substances to life, growth and reproduction of the organism. They are brought to the organism, incapable of synthesizing it, by alimentation and cosmetics. Included in care products, each has specific functions.

Vulnerary

A product, which heals wounds and injuries.

Wheat Germ

The core of wheat, it represents an important vitamin E source, a natural antioxidant. Vitamin E protects unsaturated fatty acids forming the greater part of cellular membranes. Wheat germ oil helps restructure skin tissues, prevent drying of the skin and revitalizes hair.

Whole Wheat Proteins

A group of substances made up of amino acids. They act as a vegetable collagen. Vegetable proteins help the skin and hair to normalize their hydration and improve their elasticity. They are hydrolyzed, i.e. rendered soluble to ease quick penetration in the epidermis and hair.

Willow (Salix Alba)

White willow, famous for its salicylic acid content (ancestor of aspirin), has been used in over the world to soothe articular pains and resist fever. The extract has anti-inflammatory, anti rheumatism and astringent properties. Because of its antisudoral action, it prevents problems caused by menopause symptoms, such as a nocturnal sweating and hot flushes.

Wintergreen (Gaultheria Winterianus)

A small aromatic bush originally from the North America, used by Amerindians to heal back pains and headaches, rheumatism and fever. The essential oil is used to soothe muscle, ligament and articulation pains and may treat neuralgic affections like sciatica (a painful compression of a lower-back vertebral column). Wintergreen essential oil, because of the methyl salicylate it contains, is also a strong antiseptic.

Wrinkle

A fold in the skin, usually caused by ageing.

Xanthan Gum

This vegetable gum is a long and complex chain of polysaccharides (sugars) used as a thickening agent.

Ylang-Ylang (Cananga Odorata)

Originally from Indonesia and the Philippines, this tree is also grown in Burma and Madagascar. It produces a very mild essence, is often used in perfumes. The essential oil, obtained from distillation of the tree flower, is a very efficient skin and hair tonic and also a powerful sexual stimulant. It is used for its healing and antiseptic properties, as a wrinkle reducer and for skin regeneration. It is also profitably used in hair care.

As Featured In

Featured in Metro Magazine Featured in The Times Featured in Tatler Featured in Woman's Own Featured in Natural Health Magazine
Contact EcoBeauty Ltd

EcoBeauty Ltd
399 Hendon Way
London,
NW4 3LH
United Kingdom

Telephone: 020 3475 8989

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